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Download scientific diagram | The Burke-Litwin Causal Model of Organizational Performance and Change from publication: Change Management Strategy in. Summary. A Causal Model of Organizational Performance and Change, or the Burke & Litwin Model, suggests linkages that hypothesize how performance is. To provide a model of organizational performance and change, at least two lines of theorizing need to be W. Warner Burke George H. Litwin The authors go beyond description and suggest causal linkages that hypothesize how.

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Burke-Litwin Causal Model – MGMT Organizational Change

Communication Reduces Resistance to Change. Models of Change – Stakeholders.

Organisation Culture — The norms and values of the organisation. Identifying the motivation level of the employees will make it easier to determine how willingly they would put in their efforts to achieve organizational goals.

This may be legal systems or reward systems, for example. An example could be consumer behaviour or marketplace conditions.

External environment Mission and strategy Leadership Organizational culture Structure Management practices Systems Work unit climate Task and individual skills Individual needs and values Motivation Individual and organizational performance The model also distinguishes between transformational and transactional organizational dynamics in organizations.

Individuals in leadership positions are responsible for developing a vision and motivating the rest of the organisation to achieving it. Transformational factors purple blocks are deeply embedded processes and characteristics of the organisation.


Communication Gurke for Organizational Change. This would cause leadership to alter management practices, which in turn would affect the work unit climate and systems.

An experienced, high-level employee may still struggle to adopt new technologies, for example. This dimension takes into account the level of performance, on individual and organizational levels, in key areas like productivity, quality, efficiency, budget and customer satisfaction etc. Failed attempts at change. Individual and Organisational Performance — This factor is the overall output of the organisation.

Using the Burke-Litwin Change Model to Manage Organizational Change

Outline of the Approach The model revolves around 12 organizational dimensions: And lihwin the linkage between these supportive pillars is the key to effective and smoother change. Back to course 0. The kind of relationships the employees share with their team members and members of other teams is also an important aspect of work unit birke. Additionally, the order of the 12 parts within the diagram has no particular order to how each part interacts, so it depends on the organization, thus adding to the complexity in applying the model Cawsey et al.

Using the Burke-Litwin Change Model to Manage Organizational Change

Transactional factors pink blocks refer to day-to-day operations within the organisation. The 12 interconnected parts of the causal model include, but are not limited to the order, of the following: Four Frame Change Model. Therefore, using this model can reveal what areas of the business litwjn affected and how they are interrelated. Change Management Roles and Responsibilities. Click here to access the concerned pages.


A common reason for a change initiative failing is all areas of the organisation affected by the change are not accounted for. Welcome to our wiki class project! The content above was reviewed and edited by “Deana Ringler”. The model is one tool that can be used as a change management initiative. Individual and Overall Performance: The Power of Habits. The Driving Forces of Change. Approach to the “How” For Organizational Change. The most critical aspect here is establishing the links between the twelve dimensions of this change framework.

Why Organizations Need to Change. Individual Values and Needs: Systems includes all types of policies and procedures with regards to both the people and the operations of the organization. Management Practices — Behaviours and activities of managers, usually aligned to carrying out the overall strategy. Firstly, the group should be identified where either the change is coming from or being planned for. Structure — The breakdown of the organisation i.